Research Target Liver Diseases The liver is the single largest internal organ in the human body and serves essential and vital functions. It synthesizes most of the essential proteins for the body, and is the main organ that detoxifies endogenous and exogenous chemicals. The liver is particularly susceptible to drugs and toxins, which can poison the liver and dramatically affect metabolic processes.
It weighs anywhere from 2. With its large size it is also a very resilient organ. It is red-brown organ roughly shaped like a cone. The liver is located in the upper right abdominal cavity immediately beneath the diaphragm.
Without the liver, we could not survive. It serves as the body"s chemical factory and it regulates the levels of most of the main chemicals in the blood.
It is classified in the digestive system, because of the bile it produces. Bile is produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. Although it contains no digestive enzymes, bile does dilute and neutralize stomach acid, and it increases the efficiency of fat digestion and absorption.
The liver is the organ that allows us to drink alcohol. With the help of the kidneys, the liver clears the blood of drugs, alcohol, and other poisonous substances by absorption. It then alters the chemical structure of the substance absorbed, makes them water soluble, and excretes it in the bile.
From there, the bile carries waste, including the absorbed substance, to the small intestine, taking a pitstop at the gallbladder, where it also helps in the breakdown and absorption of fats present. The liver also produces albumin, compliment, coagulation factors, and globin; all important proteins for blood plasma.
Albumin regulates the exchange of water between blood and tissues. Compliment is a group of proteins that plays a part in the immune system"s defenses against infection. Coagulation factors enable blood to clot when a blood vessel wall is damaged.
Globin is a major component of the oxygen-carrying pigment hemoglobin. Yet another function of the liver is to produce synthesized cholesterol and special proteins that carry fats around the body.
Along with producing many important substances, it also stores a lot of important substances as well. It receives glucose ,not immediately needed, from the hepatic portal vein and stores it as glycogen.
When the body needs more energy and heat, the liver converts the stored glycogen back to glucose and releases it into the bloodstream to be used. As with the blood, the liver also regulates the blood level of amino acids, chemicals that form the building blocks of proteins.
After we eat a meal, our blood contains too high a level of amino acids. The liver converts some of these acids into glucose, proteins, other amino acids, and urea, which is passed to the kidneys for excretion in the urine. Structure The liver contains two main lobes, left and right, which are separated by the falciform ligament, a connective tissue septum.
The liver also consists of two minor lobes, caudate and quadrate. Oxygenated blood flows into the liver through an artery called the hepatic artery and nutrient-rich blood via the portal vein. From there, the blood drains into the hepatic vein carrying carbon dioxide and plasma proteins.
Bile made by liver cells and carrying all of those harmful substances is excreted through a network of ducts called the bile ducts. As these ducts grow larger, they fuse to form fight and left hepatic ducts which join and carry the bile to the gallbladder.
The smaller bile ducts inside the liver, and branches of the hepatic artery an portal vein form the portal tracts, a kind of conduit system. Compliments As the liver is one of the most important organs, it must be taken good care of.The organ that stores the bile made in the liver and that is connected to the liver by bile ducts.
The gallbladder can store about 2 tablespoons of bile. Eating signals the gallbladder to empty the bile through the bile ducts to help the body digest fats. The liver supports almost every organ in the body. Liver is prone to several diseases due to its strategic location and multidimensional functions and it is the largest glandular organ in the body and performs many vital functions to .
The new organ, he explained, was a thin layer of dense connective tissue throughout the body, sandwiched just under our skin and within the middle layer of every visceral organ.
Human liver anatomy, function, location, parts & diseases – an up-to-date study. The hottest and largest internal organ and the largest gland, liver performs + functions.
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It is part of both endocrine and exocrine systems. Liver size is affected by age, gender, body size and other factors. The liver is an essential organ that has many functions in the body, including making proteins and blood clotting factors, manufacturing triglycerides and cholesterol, glycogen synthesis, and bile production.
The liver is a large organ that sits on the right hand side of the belly. The liver is . The liver supports almost every organ in the body.
Liver is prone to several diseases due to its strategic location and multidimensional functions and it is the largest glandular organ in the body and performs many vital functions to keep the body pure of toxins and harmful substances.