In Beck created the media platform Mercury Radio Arts   as the umbrella over various broadcast, publishing, Internet, and live show entities. The show was not political and included the usual off-color antics of the genre: Beck was partnered with Arizona native Tim Hattrick to co-host a local " morning zoo " program.
Knowledge development in the discipline of nursing has generated and continues to generate philosophical, theoretical, and scientific knowledge, which serve as a basis for further reflections, investigations, and refinement, and as a source of new knowledge.
In addition, nursing theory development has been related to borrowed or shared theories from or with other disciplines such as anthropology, education, sociology, and psychology. In this period, the emphasis was placed on the integration of theories from other disciplines into the discipline of nursing, on the analyses of nursing practice in search of a theoretical framework, and on the development of a conceptual framework that could serve as a foundation for theory development Newman, Consequently, nursing literature is replete with suggestions that nursing theories must be congruent with a broad perspective of the discipline of nursing to be considered acceptable nursing theories.
To view a nursing theory from a broad perspective means to take into consideration consensus on the four domain concepts of interest to the discipline of nursing which represent the nursing metaparadigm: These interrelationships are described by scholars in terms of the focus given Contemporary nursing theorists rogers and newman the discipline of nursing.
Thus, a theory is a coherent set of propositions and statements that describe factor-isolatingexplain factor-relatingand predict situation-relating phenomena as well as prescribe situation-producing actions toward goals.
According to Barnumtheories may be classified as descriptive or exploratory. Descriptive theories observe a phenomenon and identify its elements or events.
Meleis stated that theories are composed of concepts connected to the phenomena of concern to a discipline. These concepts relate to each other in order to comprise theoretical statements.
The objective of theory is to formulate a minimum set of generalizations that allow a discipline to explain a maximum number of observable relationships among variables.
This view is congruent with Dickoff et al. Nursing Theory Development Nursing theories are very important for guiding education, research, and practice as well as for strengthening the links among those areas. Nursing theories are necessary and very important for the discipline of nursing; they define the body of nursing knowledge, promote further knowledge development, establish nursing as a profession, and aim to give directions to nursing practice.
Additionally, Meleis stated that nursing theory provides insights about nursing practice situations and research and gives direction to nursing practice. Nursing theories are normally derived from conceptual models in which the nursing metaparadigm phenomena are clearly identified Fawcett, For this reason, the conceptual model is considered a precursor of nursing theory Peterson, ; Fawcet A conceptual model of nursing is a set of abstract concepts and propositions that are integrated into a meaningful configuration and represent an involvement in theoretical formulations by describing nursing phenomena and their interrelationships in abstract terms Fawcett, Consequently, it is implied that the concepts, definitions, and propositions of a nursing theory are derived from a nursing conceptual model.
Nursing theories vary in scope; that is, they vary in the level of abstraction. Theories that are broader in scope are called grand range theories. Thus, they can easily be taken to the operational level Wilson, ; they are theories that describe, explain, and predict phenomena of concern to nursing as well as prescribe actions in response to those phenomena.
Both grand and middle range theories are important for knowledge development in the discipline of nursing. Grand range theories are important to provide a larger picture of the phenomena.
However, a deeper understanding about the relationships among those phenomena is provided by middle range theories. Thus, the discipline of nursing should concentrate its efforts in developing more middle range theories, which are able to direct research and practice as well as to strengthen the linkage among those areas theory, research, and practice.
Speedy supported this view. She noted that the majority of nursing scholars have suggested that theories guide practice, that practice is a source of theory development, and that theories and practice inform each other.
In addition, specialized knowledge defines the particular competence of a group, establishes a legitimate basis for the authority of the group, provides status and prestige, and facilitates the socialization of new members into the group Carper, Theorists have classified knowledge development in different ways.
According to Johnsonknowledge development consists of knowledge of order describing and explaining the relations of physical, biological, and social objects and events — this order can be discovered and understood ; knowledge of disorder providing information to understand the events that pose a threat to well-being or survival of the individual or society, or which are deemed undesirable for some other reason ; and knowledge of control facilitating a prescriptive course of action, which when executed, changes the sequence of events in a preferred way and toward desired outcomes.
Schultz and Meleis asserted that the discipline of nursing uses three types of knowledge: Knowledge development in the discipline of nursing involves using all these types of knowledge in order to describe, explain, predict, and control nursing situations. The classification of knowledge is a way to organize and structure the ways of knowing.NURSING THEORY DEVELOPMENT.
Valmi D. Sousa – MSN, RN, CS - PhD candidate at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA and Clinical Nurse Supervisor at University of North Carolina Hospitals at Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.
E-mail [email protected] Laura L. Hayman – PhD, RN, FAAN - Professor, Division of Nursing, School of Education, New York University, New . According to transcultural nursing, the goal of nursing care is to provide care congruent with cultural values, beliefs, and practices Sunrise model consists of 4 levels that provide a base of knowledge for delivering cultural congruent care.
School Education, Volume 3 of the Charlotte Mason Series. Chapter 1 Docility And Authority In The Home And The School Chapter 2 Docility And Authority In . Academy of Social Sciences ASS The United Kingdom Association of Learned Societies in the Social Sciences formed in gave rise to the Academy of Learned Societies for the Social Sciences incorporated , which became the Academy of Social Sciences on ASS Commission on the Social Sciences Notes from the meeting on by Ron Johnston.
Margaret Newman Margaret A.
Newman is a nursing theorist who has changed the way that nurses look at health, illness and human consciousness. Her theory, Health as Expanding Consciousness, was introduced in and is a valuable addition to the nursing practice and the scientific base of the profession.
Review of Psychopathy. William D. Tillier; Calgary Alberta; Update: Under construction. and before. Table of contents. 1). Synopsis of Psychopathy.