The wealthy and the powerful, middling and poor whites, Native Americans, free and enslaved African Americans, influential and poor women: Free and Enslaved Black Americans and the Challenge to Slavery Led by the slave Gabriel, close to one thousand enslaved men planned to end slavery in Virginia by attacking Richmond in late August
Tim Handle Running Head: Influential historical events for each minority group will be highlighted along with the efforts of each group to try and attain equality with the white majority.
Cultural characteristics of each group will be compared and contrasted as well as contemporary issues including land claims and inequalities in the justice system. Finally, impacts of these issues will be discussed in their relation to the classroom.
Each group has had their own unique languages, familial relationships, social relations, music and dance traditions, they have shared many common experiences over the past years Grim, This paper will compare the cultures and histories of African American and Native American people and their long and often bloody interactions with the white majority in America.
Native american v s african american education essay American History What is often referred to as the Native American population is actually comprised of over unique tribes Jackson, From the earliest white European settlers, the relationship between the native population and the white European population has been acrimonious.
In addition to missionaries forcing religions onto the Native populations, ranchers would often encroach on land reserved for Native American use. For example, in a treaty gave joint reservation land of nearly three million acres to the Kowas, Comanches, and Kiowa- Apaches.
This treaty closed the land to all non-Native Americans; however the Texas ranchers driving their herds north to Kansas would look with envy to graze their cattle on that land. Although the Native American police had the authority to fine the ranchers for grazing on their land, enforcement over the large swath of land was nearly impossible.
African American History with Native American Comparisons While Native Americans were fighting for their land from encroaching settlers, Africans were being captured and brought to America. Slave ships from African nations into the Americas reached its first great wave between and Wheat, The majority of these ships would embark from Upper Guinea and Angola with a smaller waver of captives from Lower Guinea.
Native Americans had much the same experience in the late 19th century. Although the Africans were enslaved over issues of profit, those in the Carlisle School had what they believed to be good intentions. Many African Americans remained enslaved in American up until the Civil war and the ratification of the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments.
While this freed all the African Americans and even led to a short period of increased prosperity for them, the Jim Crow laws would quickly relegate them back to second class status Healey, While the 13th amendment freeing the slaves was ratified init would take until February 7th of for the final state of Mississippi to ratify it Barth, While it can be argued this was simply a matter for census and did not reflect that slaves were less than human, with evils of slavery and the purchasing and selling of human life as a commodity does indicate that slaves were considered sub-standard to the white majority.
Although never enslaved in a manner like the African Americans, Native Americans did not gain legal status as Americans untilwhere they became dual citizens of both the United States and of their tribal government Mohan, While this led to many Native Americans being granted the right to vote, it took until the Civil Rights Act of until the final states allowed Native Americans the right to vote.
Cultural Comparisons As mentioned earlier, often Native Americans or African Americans are referred to as a single group when in fact they are comprised of hundreds of individual tribes. In the United States more than distinct Native American tribes each with their own beliefs and practices are recognized by the United States Government Fleming, African Americans brought with them musical instruments, complex rhythms, and unique song styles.
Music was a crucial part of African and later African American society. Celebrating births and changing of seasons, mourning the loss of tribal members, to preparing for battle, music was an important part of African societies as well as Native American societies. One difference is that while Native American dance and music remains popular within the Native population at Pow-wows and other similar events, it has not influenced popular culture that much.
African American music roots, however have led to many popular music revolutions. Simple field hollers of the cotton fields of a single person singing out a changing line with others answering a repetitive answer turned into Call and Response, a very common musical element found in Blues and Jazz music.
Blues and Jazz roots led into the development of Rhythm and Blues which when combined with white folk music of Appalachia led to the development of Rock and Roll. In South Dakota, Native Americans had the lowest graduation rate of Even in Oklahoma which has the highest graduation rate for Native Americans, there is an eight percentage point deficit of While this percentage may seem high compared to many reports, this statistic includes students who may have graduated late or went on to get a GED.
In addition higher dropout rates for both Native and African Americans, income levels are also lower than the white majority. The median income for white families was 62, in Information for the National income rate for Native Americans is not directly given by the US Census Bureau, but according to one source, the income rate was approximately the same as African Americans Healey, Myths and Prejudices Even with the many advances towards equality, stereotypes and prejudices still persist today.
Some seem rather innocuous but can still hurt while others are very harmful attacks. One myth is that Native American is the preferred term. While in this paper, as well as many academic papers Native American is the preferred term, within conversation even among Native Americans terms such as American Indian, Indian, Native, and Native American are used quite interchangeably Fleming, Native American is a noun referring to persons that are part of an indigenous group.
It is mostly associated with the United States, even though the name should include all of the American continents (more about this difference here). American Education System Essay; American Education System Essay.
Canada 's Education System Of Education. The education of African American children has become a prime example of this. As discussed in the historical text, A Letter to My Nephew, which was written during the time of the civil rights movement in the ’s and ’s.
American Memory is a gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The site offers more than 7 million digital items from more than historical collections.
iv Chapter I Introduction The successful education of Native American students in both the K school system and post-secondary schools is a major concern in America today. Freedom Movement Bibliography. See also: Books Written by Freedom Movement Veterans Book Titles Grouped by Subject Film, Videos & Audio Movement-Related Web Links.
Native American cultures across the United States are notable for their wide variety and diversity of lifestyles, customs, art forms and beliefs.