The early colonists of America considered the militia an important social institution, necessary to provide defense and public safety.
White Guard Finland While Finland employs conscriptionthey do not have separate militia units: All men belong to the reserve until age 50 or 60 depending on rank, and may be called up in case of mobilization.
Each reservist is assigned a position in a unit to be activated. However, sincethe FDF does have territorial forcesorganized along the lines of regular infantry formations, which are composed of volunteers.
Furthermore, long-range patrol units sissi troopsa type of special forces are assigned to local troops. In history, before Finland became independent, two types of local militias existed: White Guards continued their existence as a volunteer militia until the Second World War.
However, in separate wartime White Guard units were dissolved and in the Second World War they served at the The militia, dispersed in regular units.
They were dissolved as a condition of peace after the Continuation War. France[ edit ] The first notable militia in French history was the resistance of the Gauls to invasion by the Romans until they were defeated by Julius Caesar.
This settled the succession to the French crown and laid the basis for the The militia of the modern nation of France. Although defunct from untilthe French National Guard has now been reestablished for homeland security purposes. They were similar in nature to the Anglo-Saxon fyrd.
During the Napoleonic Wars, the Freikorps referred to volunteer forces that fought against the French. Freikorps German for "Free Corps" was originally applied to voluntary armies.
These troops were regarded as unreliable by regular armies, so they were mainly used as sentries and for minor duties. During the Napoleonic occupation, organizations such as the Lutzow Freikorps fought against the occupiers and later joined the allied forces as regular soldiers.
However, afterthe term was used for nationalist paramilitary organizations that sprang up around Germany as soldiers returned in defeat from World War I.
They were one of the many Weimar paramilitary groups active during that time. Militia were also used to put down the Bavarian Soviet Republic in They were officially "disbanded" inresulting in the ill-fated Kapp Putsch in March The Einwohnerwehr, active in Germany from to was a paramilitary citizens' militia consisting of hundreds of thousands of mostly former servicemen.
Inthe Berlin government dissolved the Einwohnerwehr. Many of its members went on to join the Nazi Party. In the Nazi Party created the Sturmabteilung SA; Storm Detachment; Brownshirtswhich was the first paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party and served as a Nazi militia whose initial assignment was to protect Nazi leaders at rallies and assemblies.
The SA also took part in street battles against the forces of rival political parties and violent actions against Jews. These regiments were composed of men, women and children too old, young or otherwise unfit for service in the Wehrmacht German Regular Army.
As the shortage of manpower became severe, they were used as front line infantry, most often in urban settings. Due to the physical state of members, almost non-existent training and shortage of weapons, there was not much the Volkssturm could do except act like shields for regular army units.
However, armed with Panzerfausts and deeply entrenched, a unit of Volkssturm could cause serious trouble for Soviet armor. Basij The Basij militia founded by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in November  is composed of 10, regular soldiers.
It ultimately draws from about 11 million members, and is subordinate to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps in Iran. Private militias in Iraq Several armed militia groups are presently active in Iraq. The Badr Organization is based in and around Karbala.
The Kurdish militia, the Peshmergais estimated to number upwards ofThe Awakening Councils or "concerned citizens" are emerging to defend their neighborhoods against insurgents of every kind, functioning as a form of vigilante "militia" similar to the model of militia in the US.
Latvia[ edit ] Members of the Latvian National Guard during a training exercise. The Guard was created in as a voluntary military self-defense force.Militia definition, a body of citizens enrolled for military service, and called out periodically for drill but serving full time only in emergencies.
See more. A militia / m ɪ ˈ l ɪ ʃ ə / is generally an army or some other fighting organization of non-professional soldiers, citizens of a nation, or subjects of a state, who can be called upon for military service during a time of need, as opposed to a professional force of regular, full-time military personnel, or historically, members of a warrior nobility class (e.g., knights or samurai).
The militia of the United States, as defined by the U.S. Congress, has changed over time.. During colonial America, all able-bodied men of certain ages were members of the militia.
Define militia. militia synonyms, militia pronunciation, militia translation, English dictionary definition of militia. n. 1. militia - civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army reserves military force, military group, military unit, force - a unit that is part of some military service; "he sent Caesar a .
Militia definition, a body of citizens enrolled for military service, and called out periodically for drill but serving full time only in emergencies. See more.