History teaches the existence of Slavery, from the earliest periods of time.
An MP3 audio file of this article, narrated by Floy Lilley, is available for download. In there were 12, indentured servants in Virginia and only 3, slaves of a total population of 44, Masters generally preferred bondservants for two reasons.
Second, the Treatment of slaves essay, looking forward to their freedom, could be more productive laborers than the slaves, who were deprived of all hope for the future. As the colony grew, the number of bondservants grew also, although as servants were repeatedly set free, their proportion to the population of Virginia declined.
Since the service was temporary, a large new supply had to be continually furnished. There were seven sources of bondservice, two voluntary initially and five compulsory.
It is estimated that seventy percent of all immigration in the colonies throughout the colonial era consisted of redemptioners. The other voluntary category consisted of apprentices, children of the English poor, who were bound out until the age of twenty-one.
In the compulsory category were: The last were usually petty thieves or political prisoners—and Virginia absorbed a large portion of the transported criminals. As an example of the grounds for deporting political prisoners into bondage, an English law in force in the mids banished Treatment of slaves essay the colonies anyone convicted three times of attempting an unlawful meeting—a law aimed mostly at the Quakers.
Hundreds of Scottish nationalist rebels, particularly after the Scottish uprising ofwere shipped to the colonies as political criminals. An act of banished to the colonies anyone with knowledge of illegal religious or political activity, who refused to turn informer for the government.
During his term of bondage, the indentured servant received no monetary payment. His hours and conditions of work were set absolutely by the will of his master who punished the servant at his own discretion.
The bondservants were frequently beaten, branded, chained to their work, and tortured. The frequent maltreatment of bondservants is so indicated in a corrective Virginia act of Many of the oppressed servants were moved to the length of open resistance. The major form of resistance was flight, either individually or in groups; this spurred their employers to search for them by various means, including newspaper advertisements.
Work stoppages were also employed as a method of struggle. But more vigorous rebellions also occurred especially in Virginia in,and Rebellions of servants were particularly pressing in the s because of the particularly large number of political prisoners taken in England during that decade.
Independent and rebellious by nature, these men had been shipped to the colonies as bondservants. Stringent laws were passed in the s against runaway servants striving to gain their freedom. In all cases, the servant revolts for freedom were totally crushed and the leaders executed.
Demands of the rebelling servants ranged from improved conditions and better food to outright freedom. This servant rebellion in York, Middlesex, and Gloucester counties was betrayed by a servant named Birkenhead, who was rewarded for his renegacy by the House of Burgesses with his freedom and 5, pounds of tobacco.
The rebel leaders, however,—former soldiers under Cromwell—were ruthlessly treated; nine were indicted for high treason and four actually executed. In a servant plot to gain freedom was uncovered and a Katherine Nugent suffered thirty lashes for complicity.
A law was passed forbidding servants from leaving home without special permits and meetings of servants were further repressed. One of the first servant rebellions occurred in the neighboring Chesapeake tobacco colony of Maryland. In Edward Robinson and two brothers were convicted for armed rebellion for the purpose of liberating bondservants.
Thirteen years later Robert Chessick, a recaptured runaway servant in Maryland, persuaded several servants of various masters to run away to the Swedish settlements on the Delaware River. But the men were captured and Chessick was given thirty lashes. In the bondservants of Richard Preston of Maryland went on strike and refused to work in protest against the lack of meat.
The Maryland court sentenced the six disobedient servants to thirty lashes each, with two of the most moderate rebels compelled to perform the whipping. Facing force majeure, all the servants abased themselves and begged forgiveness from their master and from the court, which suspended the sentence on good behavior.
In Virginia a servant rebellion against a master, Captain Sisbey, occurred as early as ; the lower Norfolk court ordered the enormous total of one hundred lashes on each rebel.
In six servants of Captain William Pierce tried to escape to the Dutch settlements. By the late seventeenth century the supply of bondservants began to dry up.
While the opening of new colonies and wider settlements increased the demand for bondservants, the supply dwindled greatly as the English government finally cracked down on the organized practice of kidnapping and on the shipping of convicts to the colonies.
And so the planters turned to the import and purchase of Negro slaves. In Virginia there had been 50 Negroes, the bulk of them slaves, out of a total population of 2, in ; Negroes out of 27, in ; and 3, Negroes out of 44, in —a steadily rising proportion, but still limited to less than seven percent of the population.In sum, the movie “Twelve Year a Slave” is such a true description of strictly racial hierarchical slavery system and brutal treatment to slaves in which “enormous damage and loss, both tangible and intangible, including the loss of human dignity” (US House Representative, ).
Read this essay on The Treatment of Slaves. Come browse our large digital warehouse of free sample essays. Get the knowledge you need in order to pass your classes and more. Only at timberdesignmag.com".
The Treatment of African and Native Slaves Essay - The Treatment of African and Native Slaves: Through the Accounts of Bartolome de las and Olaudah Equiano Slavery will forever remain a tragically horrific stain in American history not only because of the actual act of enslavement, but the treatment of the salves.
Documents and research on the slave era in the antebellum south are awash with horror stories of the brutal and inhuman treatment of slaves, particularly women. (David Brion Davis and Eugene Genovese,- Slavery in the United States-Treatment). issue of forced marriage of slaves is included in this category along with coercion into sexual activity for preferential treatment, it is easy to see how sexual abuse could be seen as endemic in slave children’s lives.
In many households, treatment of slaves differs with the slave's color of the skin. For instance, darker-skinned slaves toil in the fields all day, while lighter-skinned slaves work in the homes of their master and were bestowed better provisions.