Ice made with tap or well water Drinks made with tap or well water such as reconstituted juice Unpasteurized milk Take Medicine Talk with your doctor about taking prescription or over-the-counter drugs with you on your trip in case you get sick.
More complete records date from the arrival of the Luba and Lunda peoples during the 14th to 15th century, from what are now the Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola. The Bemba are descendants of the Luba and the Lozi of the Lunda. The Ngoni peoples came north from South Africa to eastern Zambia.
David Livingstone, the British missionary and explorer, travelled through Zambia in the midth century. He was followed by British settlers in the s and s.
Arab slave-trading flourished in the territory throughout the 19th century, until it was ended by the British in The capital moved from Livingstone to Lusaka in The Federation of Northern and Southern Rhodesia and Nyasaland, with its own constitution, existed from to ZANC was quickly banned by the colonial authorities, and Kaunda arrested.
Kaunda became chairman of the UNIP on his release in In turn, the UNIP was outlawed but it had caught the popular imagination and political demonstrations spread across the country. The UK accepted the demands and, in Januaryintroduced a new constitution giving the country internal self- government, and organising elections.
UNIP emerged as the majority party and proceeded towards independence; the Republic of Zambia became independent and a member of the Commonwealth on 24 October United National Independence Party Within a decade of independence, economic conditions worsened.
Demand for copper was already beginning to fall and there was tumult in Southern Africa. Landlocked Zambia was badly affected by all the major conflicts of the period.
Civil war broke out in Angola and, inthe Benguela railway was closed. Refugees from these troubled countries and Namibia engaged in the independence war with South Africa were given sanctuary in Zambia. The UNIP government of Kenneth Kaunda created a one-party state lasting from until in an unsuccessful attempt to strengthen national unity.
A coup plot in involved local business leaders and the Governor of the Bank of Zambia. Several trade union leaders, including Frederick Chiluba, were detained during a wave of strikes inunions now having become the main focus of opposition to UNIP.
Popular discontent was fuelled by the effects of IMF-backed recovery programmes.
Fromdemonstrations sometimes violent against food price increases began to take a more political form, leading to demands for a more democratic system of government.
Restoration of multiparty democracy In Julythe year ban on organised opposition groups was lifted.
The elections in October gave a substantial majority to the MMD and its presidential candidate, Frederick Chiluba. However, continuing discontent with economic conditions and the effects of severe drought led to a new wave of strikes within a year. In March the government appointed a commission to rewrite the constitution and a draft new constitution was submitted to the President in Junethe commission recommending that it should be approved by a national referendum.
The government argued that it should instead be adopted by the National Assembly before the elections that were due in November The Assembly did so in Junedespite international criticism and the suspension of some aid. Among controversial government amendments to the constitution were clauses that specified that a President could serve a maximum of two five-year terms, thus disallowing the candidacy of Kenneth Kaunda, former President for 27 years and presidential candidate of the opposition UNIP.
Most of the opposition parties boycotted the November elections UNIP because its leader was debarred under the new constitution. There was a landslide victory for the MMD. But because of the boycott, many leading opposition parties did not have any seats in the National Assembly.
Turnout was 56 per cent of those registered to vote, although it is estimated that only 50 per cent of those eligible were registered. The largest opposition party was then the National Party, with five seats.More information about Zambia is available on the Zambia Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet..
The United States established diplomatic relations with Zambia in , following its independence from the United Kingdom.
switch to the UK edition switch to the Australia edition switch to the Kabwe in Zambia has been left with extreme levels of lead pollution after almost a .
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Services if you're visiting, studying, working or living in Zambia. Includes information about trading with and doing business in the UK and Zambia.